- Colonel Joel Lane
- Ancestors and Siblings
- Estate Inventory
- Enslaved People in 1794
- Enslaved People in 1795
- Estate Sales of 1795
- Indenture Bond signed by Joel Lane
- Apprentice Bond Signed by Joel Lane
- Joel Lane and the Enslaved People Who Lived on His Plantation
- William Lane’s Bible Entries
Colonel Joel Lane
Colonel Joel Lane was born near present day Halifax, North Carolina in 1739. In 1762 he married Martha Hinton, and after her death, married her sister Mary Hinton in 1772. There were three children born to the first marriage and nine to the second. Joel died on March 29, 1795, and Mary, his second wife, died five days later on April 3, 1795.
Active Civic and Political Life
Colonel Lane was an active participant in the affairs of North Carolina both as a colony and as a state. Joel Lane is known as the “Father of Wake County” because as a representative from Johnston County to the Colonial Assembly at New Bern in 1770, he introduced the bill for Wake’s creation from parts of Johnston, Orange and Cumberland counties. He was a colonel in the militia, justice of the peace, and served Wake County as senator in the General Assembly for eleven terms.
Revolutionary War Patriot
Lane supported North Carolina’s break from Great Britain. In 1775 he was a delegate to the revolutionary Provincial Congress held in Hillsborough. There he was appointed a member of the Council of Safety for the Hillsborough District. His brother Jesse and his nephew Martin were both patriot soldiers during the War. His father-in-law, John Hinton, was colonel of the Wake County militia and played an important role at the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge.
Participant in the Formation of the United States
Joel Lane was a delegate to the 1788 Constitutional Convention in Hillsborough. Like many of his contemporaries, he was troubled by the lack of a Bill of Rights in the original draft, and he voted along with the majority of North Carolina delegates to “neither ratify nor to reject the U.S. Constitution.” Both he and his son Henry were delegates to the 1789 Constitutional Convention at Fayetteville that did ratify the U.S. Constitution. In 1792, he was a presidential elector from Wake County.
Colonel Lane served as a member of the first Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina when it was established in 1789 until he died on March 29, 1795. Lane maneuvered to have his fellow trustees meet on a regular basis in his own backyard at Wake Court House, but this proviso was struck from the original charter for the University He then offered 640 acres of land he owned near what is now Cary, N. C., in Wake County, for the site of the university, but his offer was declined. The first student of UNC was Hinton James, son of Martha and Mary Hinton Lane’s sister, Alice, and Captain John James. Governor David Lowry Swain, grandson of Joel Lane’s brother, Jesse, served as President of the University 1835-68.